15 Jun How to Talk to Your Kids About Racism
“We must dismantle racism at every level, from individual to institutional to systemic.” This is a quote from a policy statement on racism by Dr. Nia Heard-Garris and Dr. Jaqueline Dougé of the American Academy of Pediatrics. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, “Racism’s societal impact, particularly on communities of color and populations that are historically disenfranchised, is wide-reaching, systemic, and complex. A growing body of scientific research has found that racism harms children’s mental and physical health in myriad ways…and we cannot ignore the impact.” Furthermore, the American Academy of Pediatrics President Dr. Sally Goza firmly states that “our children’s future will be built on these moments of reckoning.”
The work of dismantling racism and inequality must be not only in protests, polls, donations, economic investment, education, and reform but also at home with our families.
However, it might feel like the path to community engagement is clearer than the path of how to talk to our children about difficult topics like racism, racial bias, and inequality. Hesitation can come from fear of saying or doing the wrong thing, not having the language to start this kind of conversation, not having any experience in having conversations about race and inequality, or being concerned that we might expose our children to something scary or upsetting that they will not be able to process.
Because North Shore Family Services believes in encouraging, engaging, and empowering our clients, families, and communities to hold difficult and uncomfortable conversations, providing an open space to process events and bring about positive change to repair the world, we have developed resources to help with these concerns. Review the information, tips, and resources below to learn how to start meaningful conversations with your children about racism, racial bias, and inequality.
How Do Children Learn About Bias, Racism, and Equity?
In short, they are listening. They are listening to what their parents, caregivers, and other trusted adults say. They may hear things from their peers and friends, and they will most certainly take in information from all kinds of media sources. The way children learn and understand bias and racism changes over time: at 6 months, a baby can notice race-based differences in individuals; between the ages of 2 and 4, children can begin to internalize learned racial bias; and children’s beliefs begin to become set around age 12. While children can certainly be influenced after age 12, the process of changing a child’s concepts of racism and bias will become more difficult after this age. This means that parents’ best opportunities to teach their children to confront and reject bias and racism are roughly within the first decade of life!
Below are some tips from the American Academy of Pediatrics on how to talk about racial differences and racism:
Preschoolers: Your child may notice differences between themselves and people around you. If your child asks about these differences, talk about them in a positive, inclusive manner with statements like, “Isn’t it great how everyone is so different!” You can also use differences between people in your own family to demonstrate how people can be different in some ways and similar in others.
Grade Schoolers: Open talks with your child regarding race, diversity, and racism become important during this stage. You can demonstrate to your child that you are a trusted source of information and a nonjudgmental place for them to ask questions. You can use media to point out stereotypes and racial bias that exist in our society and model how to challenge these stereotypes to your child.
When Your Child Asks About Incidents of Racism, keep the discussion going with prompts such as “How did that make you feel” and “Help me understand your thinking.” Be sure to try to take your child’s perspective and keep the objective of challenging racial bias and racism at the forefront of the conversation.
Be aware of your own emotions during these conversations. If you are struggling with your own feelings, it may be best to take some time to sort those feelings out or seek your own support before beginning an important conversation with your child. This is important to ensure you are able to be a calm, safe space for your child to learn and express their concerns.
Teach your child how to make a positive difference. Use these conversations not only to highlight racial bias and racism, but also to discuss ways your family can get involved in advocacy and change, such as donations, protesting, calling officials, etc., as well as how your family can confront their own biases.
Use Resources. There are so many books, podcasts, TED talks, blogs, and websites with a wealth of resources for you to consider utilizing in your discussions about racial bias, racism, and inequality with your child. There are links below to myriad resources.
- Talking to Kids About Racism (NY Times)
- Anti-Racism for Kids: An Age-by-Age Guide to Fighting Hate (Parents.com)
- Resources for Talking Race, Racism, and Racial Violence with Kids (Center for Racial Justice in Education)
- Racism Town Hall (CNN/Sesame Street)
- How to Raise Anti-Racist Kids: 20 Resources for Parents (Mother.ly)
- Talking to Children about Racism: The Time is Now (AAP)
- Children’s Books That Discuss Race & Racism (Brittany Smith, Pre-K Teacher)
- How White Parents Can Talk to Their Kids About Race (NPR)
- Talking to Children about Racial Bias (AAP)
- How to Teach Kids to Talk About Taboo Topics (Liz Kleinrock)
- Talking to Kids About Racism, Early and Often (NY Times)These Books Can Help You Explain Racism and Protest to Your Kids (NY Times)
As Dr. Joseph Wright of the American Academy of Pediatrics stated, “these are conversations many African-American families have had to have for generations. If this is not something other families have discussed yet, what is happening right now is an essential and unavoidable, teachable moment. If we are to progress in this country, it’s going to be because we help our children, adolescents and young adults learn not just that racism exists, but that it is something all of us can work together to dismantle.”
Rachael is an Associate Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who earned her Master of Science in Human Development and Family Studies from Purdue University Northwest. Rachael also completed her bachelor’s degree in Child Development and Family Studies at Northern Illinois University in preparation for her graduate degree. Rachael has experience working with individuals, couples, families, and children in therapy as well as helping clients navigate larger systems such as schools, healthcare settings, and DCFS.
Rachael takes a collaborative, non-judgmental approach to therapy and believes that she has a responsibility as a therapist to create a safe, supportive, open environment where clients feel empowered to take an active role in the therapy process. Rachael focuses on patterns within and across generations of families, the balance between connectedness and individuality, and increasing an individual’s ability to cope with and tolerate stress. Rachael uses Bowenian family therapy, Narrative Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and play/experiential therapies to work with children, families, couples, and individuals to address behavioral, emotional, and relational issues and facilitate positive change. Rachael regularly includes art, music, storytelling, and games in her work with children and families to help children to feel comfortable in therapy and connect what happens in therapy to the children’s’ home and school lives. Rachael’s other areas of expertise and interest include trauma, anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, grief and loss, life transitions, identity formation, and communication. Rachael is certified in Gottman Couples Therapy Levels 1 and 2 and has completed SafeZone LGBTQ Ally training.
When Rachael is not working with clients, she enjoys discovering new music, reading, cooking, visiting museums, and spending time with her fiancé and hound-mix dog.